Optical fibers are widely used in the medical field to diagnose and treat a variety of ailments. Because the fiber can be made extremely thin and processed in flexible strands, they can be used for insertion into the blood vessels of the lungs and other parts of the body. Fiber patch cables have been allowing doctors to examine and work inside the body through tiny incisions with an instrument called an Endoscope.
An Endoscope is a medical device made to carry two bundles of optical fibers inside a long tube. A bundle of optical fibers running light in the tissue being examined, while the other beam of optical fiber transmits light reflected by the cloth, producing a detailed picture. Endoscopes can be designed to search specific areas of the human body. For example, doctors can use fiber optics in the Endoscope to examine the knees, shoulders and other joints in the body.
Arthroscopy is a technique for using of another medical instrument called the Arthroscope. This device is right and cylinder-like with a series of lenses and bundles of optical fibers that come in sizes from 1 /12 to 1 5 inches (2 to 5 mm). The Arthroscope is used to examine a joint in a body, like knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders. This is done by the Arthroscope is inserted into a joint in the body through a small incision. Light is then passed through the use of fiber optics at the edge of the Arthroscope to light up the joint. The use of the fiber through the Arthroscope allows the doctor to consider a typical for diagnosis or treatment carefully.
The optical fibers used in the Arthroscope can be used to measure the temperature and other attributes tangible but also utilized in the performance of surgical procedures. The problem most commonly treated by Arthroscopy is torn cartilage in the knee. It is a small incision made at the level of the joint for the use of fiber optics in the Arthroscope and then a second incision is done for the use of other surgical instruments to remove the cartilage.
The main advantage of the use of optical fibers through arthroscopic surgery is that the operation can be performed through a small incision, which results in the patient knows least of gene and short time of healing that is much more, compared to other methods of surgery.
Apart from the uses of Endoscopes and the Arthroscopes, another widely used function of the optical fiber in the field medical is the possibility for the fiber to be injected into blood arteries to give a quick and precise analysis of the chemistry of the blood. Doctors also found the medical use of fiber optics to direct the light intense laser to a wound to stop the bleeding or burn the abnormal tissue.
Fiber optic tester is necessary for the field of medicine. The use of the optical fiber through medical science continues to grow rapidly every day to develop several new and advanced medical devices to allow physicians to provide better service to the people.